Edie Castello

The United States spends considerable money on health care. Unfortunately, the clinical return on investment has been coming up short for years, according to Mirror, Mirror on the Wall, 2014 Update: How the U.S. Health Care System Compares Internationally, an oft-cited Commonwealth Fund study.

Krishna R. Patel, PharmD, RPh

If you haven’t already heard about the negative impact of formulary restrictions on adherence, well here it is. With mixed messages regarding formulary restrictions’ impact on patients, a recently published systematic literature review, published by Happe, et al., sought to get to the bottom this.

Norman S. Ryan, MD

Next year is a big year for Medicare Advantage plans. In 2015, they will not receive bonuses unless they have a 4-star rating or above. Many health plans are feeling under pressure right now, and may even feel a little disgruntled, as their businesses could really take a hit next year if they fall even slightly below 4.

One way to view this challenge that may take the edge off the pain is that the CMS Five Star Quality Rating System for Medicare Advantage Plans is not just about being able to stay or earn a spot in the Medicare Advantage program. Taking steps to improve ratings can help Medicare Advantage plans and other health plans hoping to enter the program achieve the Triple Aim and move them even closer to getting the business results they really want.

Steven R. Peskin, MD, MBA, FACP

This is my third installment on the Choosing Wisely Campaign from the American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation and Consumer Reports that brings into sharp focus, and in plain English, the things patients and we physicians should question. The Choosing Wisely campaign now includes submissions by more than 60 medical professional societies and organizations. Examples include:

  • Why scheduling early delivery of your baby is not a good idea
  • Treating sinusitis: Don't rush to antibiotics
  • Don't perform annual stress cardiac imaging or advanced non-invasive imaging as part of routine follow-up in asymptomatic patients
  • Bone density tests: When you need them and when you don't
  • Treating migraine headaches: Some drugs should rarely be used

What prompted this update is a new video in the zeitgeist of today, with light music, happily dancing people from seniors to millennials, and scrolling text.

I am hoping to prompt readers of Managed Care to help to take viral this video for the important campaign to reduce unneeded and in some cases harmful medical testing, treatments, and services. A wise choice!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FqQ-JuRDkl8

Steven R. Peskin, MD, MBA, FACP, is associate clinical professor of medicine at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey – Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, and is governor of the American College of Physicians, New Jersey South.

Michael Flanagan
Michael Flanagan

Uncertainty regarding health insurance exchanges is not going away. Changing enrollment deadlines and newly insured populations have brought challenges to payers and providers. Success will require staying competitive on price, network quality, and access.

Paul E. Terry, PhD

One of the more audacious promises of the accountable care organization (ACO) movement is the idea that providers of medical services can play a larger role in improving a population’s health. It stems from a notion that health care financing reforms will move the focus of providers from “the tyranny of the office visit” to activities where success will be judged according to improvement in clinical metrics whether a patient visits the office or not. It’s the right vision from a health promotion advocate’s vantage point because it may serve as a preamble to an era where medical and public health practices and public policies truly intersect. Dartmouth’s Jack Wennberg famously observed predictable provider-centric small-area variation in the use of clinical procedures while the Centers for Disease Control and many other public health observers have long shown that ZIP codes have more to do with health than do medical codes. Can the next generation of health reforms reconcile the tension between these loosely related truths?

Steven R. Peskin, MD, MBA, FACP

The title of this post might also read "Don't Mess with Mother Nature"

We have seen remarkable improvements in human health as a direct result of the science that has brought us our antibiotic age with significant reductions in infant mortality, deaths due to bacterial pneumonia, and other serious infections that sometimes led to systemic infection and death.

Fast forward to today, when we may obtain with a prescription many of these powerful germ killers for $4 at WalMart and Target and drug and grocery store chains. Some retailers even give away a prescribed course of antibiotics as a loss leader to entice the customer to enter that store.

The liberal (excessive, really) use of antibiotics in the United States and much of the rest of the world is having profound unintended negative consequences.

Steven R. Peskin, MD, MBA, FACP

Three days of a severe headache that would not respond to the ibuprofen, naproxen, or acetaminophen. "I never get headaches" is what I said multiple times to my wife and to colleagues. The morning of day three, a rash started to appear on my forehead, in the left eyebrow, in the scalp, with swelling around the left eye and swollen lymph nodes at the angle of the jaw on the left. My wife mentioned "shingles". Poor early diagnosis on my part, and, I said "Oh !*#%! that is what I have".

Paul E. Terry, PhD

Recently a Minnesota school was evacuated after 10 students got sick during choir practice. A carbon monoxide leak was the presumed cause, given the similarity of student’s symptoms and the rapid spread of complaints. Thirty students in all were taken to the hospital and the school was closed for the day. Tests proved negative, recovery was quick, and the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) now reports that the likely cause was psychogenic illness.


The state spokesman said that when people in a group become ill at the same time with subjective complaints, “It is no less real.”


It seems that when an affliction — real or imagined — hits, it can spread quickly among some people. According to one of the more recent CBS News Poll, 61% of Americans disapprove of how the ACA rollout is being handled. Nevertheless more Americans are in favor of fixing the law (48%) or keeping it as is (7%) than repealing the ACA altogether (43%). More telling perhaps, according to several opinion polls about the ACA since 2010, is the stability of opinions concerning Americans’ support for or opposition to the law.


Only time will tell whether the latest ACA anguish from the chorus will fade without treatment, but one thing seems increasingly obvious: Debates about the ACA are distracting from the inertia needed for additional reforms if we are serious about reducing health care costs and improving the health of the nation.

Steven R. Peskin, MD, MBA, FACP

"Welcome to Moe's"  is the warm and friendly greeting of the staff at one of my favorite cantinas — Moe's Southwest Grill, where a rice bowl and iced tea set me back just $9 and change. But for one woman who underwent Mohs surgery for a very minor lesion that may not have required the Mohs procedure and the subsequent plastic surgery repair, her bill for the day was over $25,000, as reported in a January 18, 2014 New York Times article titled "Patients' Costs Skyrocket; Specialists' Incomes Soar".

In the article, the Times journalist Elizabeth Rosenthal notes:

"Use of the surgery has skyrocketed in the United States — over 400 percent in a little over a decade — to the point that last summer Medicare put it at the top of its “potentially misvalued” list of overused or overpriced procedures. Even the American Academy of Dermatology agrees that the surgery is sometimes used inappropriately"

In this instance, the patient, a professor at the University of Central Arkansas, pushed back on the $25,000-plus charges, and, after months of wrangling, Baptist Health Medical Center reduced the bill to around $5,000, with the largest component of the reduction being the plastic surgeon's fee -- from $14,407 to $1,375 (Still a nice paycheck for what was likely less than an hour of time!).

The patient subsequently went to a dermatologist at the University of Arkansas who said that she likely did not need "such an extensive procedure." The patient's final comment in the article: "It was like, "Take your purse out, we're robbing you'"

Welcome to Mohs!

Steven R. Peskin, MD, MBA, FACP, is associate clinical professor of medicine at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey – Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, and is governor of the American College of Physicians, New Jersey South.

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