Hospital costs for bone marrow transplants shot up 85 percent (from $694 million to $1.3 billion) between 2004 and 2007, according to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Ten procedures experienced rapid cost increases between 2004 and 2007.
About 75 percent of the rise was attributed to increases in the number of patients who underwent these procedures and 25 percent to higher costs per case treated.
Besides bone marrow transplantation, the procedures with the most rapid increases in hospital costs included:
Open surgery for noncancerous enlarged prostate — up 69 percent to $1 billion
Aortic valve resection or replacement — up 38.5 percent to $1.9 billion
Cancer chemotherapy — up 33 percent to $2.6 billion
Spinal fusion — up 29.5 percent to $8.9 billion
Lobectomy — up 29 percent to $1.8 billion
Incision and drainage of skin and other tissues — up 29 percent to $1 billion